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We live in an age where we are busy all the time with monotonic stuffs, why don’t we turn around and spend some time looking from different prospective. I tried to look the same and I found a very interesting topic which is Archeology. It is important because it links the past with the present. Furthermore, even though the people have no information about archeology they are very eager to hear about documentations in Archeology which still remains a mysterious field of the past.

  

In the Citation studies in the humanities article mostly the change of citation over time according to some criterion is studied and the results are observed. The criteria are specified to be frequency (how often a citation appear in a document), location (relative to the length of the document) and polarity (whether a citation expresses negative or positive opinion, this quantity can also be scaled). This citation studies is carried out by some online citation extraction tool which examines the document in a certain format and reports the frequency, location and polarity of the citations. It is interestingly found that humanists cite with greater frequency older sources and this is intuitive to some extent because older sources form the basis for the upcoming humanities. Articles or metadata holding citation about Archeology should be extracted online and frequency and polarity should be used in the construction of big family of Archeology.

 

In the Lost in the Data, Aerial Views of an Archaeological Collection article the extraction of useful data is handled in case of big collection of archeological metadata, which is the most important part in constructing the field of Archeology. The best the algorithm of extraction, the more useful data we will gain. Texas Advanced Computer Center provided high performance computers where new functionalities for archival analysis were introduced. Furthermore, checksum function is very useful because it identifies corrupted, duplicated and empty archives. Of course, not all the files and archives are accessible, but with this algorithm we are trying to be efficient as much as possible. In Archeological exploration we should try to bring as many metadata as possible gathered from different sources and in this way we will at the same time preserve and construct the basis of archeology and gain a more clear picture of that.   

 

In the Encoding historical dates correctly: is it practical, and is it worth it? article encoding of historical dates is examined. The reason behind is that when we have two historical dates given in different calendar is difficult to decide which happens first. Furthermore, plotting events sequentially on timelines is the main concern of us because it distinguishes whether an event has happened before another one or not. Word encoding is equivalent to saying conversion and a conversion mechanism is needed to convert from a calendar to another one. Gregorian is universally accepted calendar which is used in late centuries whereas Julian calendar was most frequently used earlier.  Therefore to make the decision which event happens first a conversion mechanism must be settled between the Gregorian and Julian calendar. Encoding of such dates form Julian to Gregorian calendar is not easy due to a number of day discrepancies in the New Year of the Julian calendar. As a result it is worth to encode the historical dates because we can order the events sequentially. In our case when we have two artifacts with original dates at different calendar this tool will allow us to find which artifact is more pre-historical (corresponds to earlier date). In Archeology the variety of archives is very essential; however we should not forget that the time that archives date from is more important because it settles how much an artifact (archive) is valuable and worth.

 

Conclusion

We now have an insight how to proceed from gathering of random data to the creation of field Archeology. Through the mentioned papers we have realized that the construction of Archeology is not an easy process. In this way by using the Digital Humanities tools we are trying to build the Archeology. Firstly, by using citations we get a bunch of referenced archives. By using the keyword archeology in the citation we can even find the frequency it is used as a reference. Afterword when we are stuck in a big Archeological collection we can use the extraction tool to get only the most important and usable archives. Another important point that should be mentioned is the “age” of artifacts and archives which also settles how it is worth and valuable; the more historical it is the more valuable it is. In this way we can also distinguish between them which date back earlier. To conclude the whole story tools and possibilities in Digital humanities are various and by using the tool provided by it we can construct the whole Archeology. Furthermore, by using its tool we can solve many other important issues!

 

References:

http://dh2013.unl.edu/abstracts/ab-353.html

http://dh2013.unl.edu/abstracts/ab-179.html

http://dh2013.unl.edu/abstracts/ab-371.html

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